ARD /IEP Meeting – Texas refers to any meeting within Special Education as an ARD (Admission/ Review/Dismissal) Meeting. This is in part due to any meeting meets one of these three criteria. If you are outside of TX, you will also hear these meetings refereed to as IEP Meetings. Same construct, different terms.

ADHD – Attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; A child with ADD or ADHD may be eligible for special education under other health impairment (OHI).

FIE – Full Individual Evaluation; usually completed every three years, once completed and scored, Diagnostician will put forth recommendations for qualifications of Special Education.

IEP – Individual Education Plan; must be completed every calendar year, does roll from one grade level to another.

BIP – Behavior Improvement Plan; A plan created to address behaviors that are harmful to student or others.  A BIP can be put in place without a Functional Behavioral Assessment, but it is not best practice.

FBA – A Functional Behavioral Assessment; An assessment completed based on behavior of child. The behavior is isolated and related to antecedent (what happened prior to behavior) and consequence (what happened after behavior).

IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004

FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education; special education and related services provided in conformity with an IEP. Free (no charge), Appropriate (what is right for one child may not be what is right for the other), Public (school provided for public), Education (learning).

ESY – Extended School Year service; services that are intended for students who  show regression without those services. Skills that would not be able to be recouped within the time that it takes other students to recoup the same skills.

LRE – Least Restrictive Environment; the legal requirement to educate children with disabilities in general education classrooms with children who are not disabled to the maximum extent possible. This includes ALL children with ALL disabilities; This is the basis of Inclusion Classrooms. Students are said to be “included” with their general education peers.